Do you know / used data reduction techniques other than PCA? What do you think of step-wise regression? What kind of step-wise techniques are you familiar with?

Data Science Interview QuestionsCategory: Data ScienceDo you know / used data reduction techniques other than PCA? What do you think of step-wise regression? What kind of step-wise techniques are you familiar with?
1 Answers
MockInterview Staff answered 6 years ago

data reduction techniques other than PCA?:
Partial least squares: like PCR (principal component regression) but chooses the principal components in a supervised way. Gives higher weights to variables that are most strongly related to the response
step-wise regression?
– the choice of predictive variables are carried out using a systematic procedure
– Usually, it takes the form of a sequence of F-tests, t-tests, adjusted R-squared, AIC, BIC
– at any given step, the model is fit using unconstrained least squares
– can get stuck in local optima
– Better: Lasso
step-wise techniques:
– Forward-selection: begin with no variables, adding them when they improve a chosen model comparison criterion
– Backward-selection: begin with all the variables, removing them when it improves a chosen model comparison criterion
Better than reduced data:
Example 1: If all the components have a high variance: which components to discard with a guarantee that there will be no significant loss of the information?
Example 2 (classification):
– One has 2 classes; the within class variance is very high as compared to between class variance
– PCA might discard the very information that separates the two classes
Better than a sample:
– When number of variables is high relative to the number of observations
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